3d基本走势图(专业版)

Python 小技巧:如何实现操作系统兼容性打包?

???? Python猫” ,一个值得加星标的公众号

youyigezheiyangdewenti:xianyaoyong setuptools bayigexiangmudabaocheng whl wenjian,ranhou pip install zai windows/linux liangzhongcaozuoxitongshang,danshigaixiangmuzhongyouyixieyilaikuzhiyou windows shangcaiyou(liru pywinauto、pywingui、pywinrm),neimewentishi,ruheshixiandabaowenjiandekejianrongxinganzhuang?

3d基本走势图(专业版)congdabaodejiaodu,zheigewentideguanjianhaishikan setup.py he requirements.txt wenjian。

guanyu python debaogoujianfenfahe setup.py deshiyong,zheili xiedehenhao,tuijianyuedu。lingwaiguanyu python yilaikudeguanli(requirements.txt), xiangxibijiaole pip、pipreqs、pigar、pip-tools he pipdeptree denggongju,yetuijianyidu。

youyigebijiaobendeshixianfangfa:weihuliangfen requirements.txt wenjian,fenbieyonglaidabao,ranhoufenfajibutongcaozuoxitongqushiyong。

danshizheiyanghuiyoumafan:weihuliangfenyilaiwenjianheliangzhongbaowenjian,benshenjiutingfeijingde,erzaishengchengguochengzhong,meicihaideduitamengaimingyizuoqufen(zhuyibaomingyouyidingdeguifanyueshu,luangaidehua,pip kenengshibiebuchu),weihuchengbenjiuhengao。

qishi,weihuruanjianbaozaibutongcaozuoxitongdebanben,bingbushaojian。ruguonicengliuyiguobutongbanben python kuwenjiandehua,nihuizhuyidaohenduokudouhuianbutongcaozuoxitongerfenfabutongdebanben。liru,xiamianshitongyibanbenhaode numpy zaibutongcaozuoxitongshangdefenfaban(http://pypi.org/simple/numpy/):

3d基本走势图(专业版)keyikanchutagenju macos、linux he win sanleicaozuoxitongjiqiweishu,fenchengle 5 gebanben。weihuzheimeduobanben,kendingshiyijianmafanshi,danshichuxianlezheiyangdejieguo,jiuyiweizhe numpy guanfangrenweifenfabutongxitongbanbenshilidayubide,erqieshiyoubanfashixiande。

huidaowomendewenti,shifouyoubiyaoxiang numpy neiyangshefadabaochengduogecaozuoxitongdingzhidebaoni?

3d基本走势图(专业版)daanshifoudingde。zhuyaodeyuanyin:

  • Numpy 这么做是因为它是做科学计算的,为了提升效率,它把编译好的 C 拓展文件打包,从而不需要依赖环境上的 libxxx-devel 之类的库。如果你编译安装过 Python,应该有印象需要安装 zlib-devel、openssl-devel 和 libffi-devel 之类的系统依赖。但我们前面的问题比较简单,并不是有不同的编译依赖(系统级),而只是三方库依赖不同(项目级)。

  • 3d基本走势图(专业版)lingyigezhuyaodeyuanyin,numpy dabaochudebutongxitongbanben,bingfeijianjiandandandiyong setuptools zhileide python kujiunengdabao,ershiyaojiezhubiaozhundejingxiangjinxinggoujian。liru,manylinux banbendedabao,canjian github(http://github.com/pypa/manylinux),jiuxuyaoshiyongguanfangtigongde docker jingxiang。duiyuwomendewenti,xianranbuxiangzuodaozheimemafan。

jianeryanzhi,genjuqianmiandefenxi,ruguoyaoshixiancaozuoxitongjianrongdedabao,weihuduofenyilaiwenjian、shiyongbutonggoujianbaodefangfa、weihuduoxitongzhuanyongdebao,fangfakexing,danbingbushihenshiyong。

3d基本走势图(专业版)ruguomeiyouxindebanfa,zheibushiweiyizhongkaolv,danshiyoumeiyoubiedebanfaleni?

我曾被这个问题困扰过,但是没有深入去研究解决,直到无意中在loguru 这个用来记录日志的库的 setup.py 中看到:

再翻看大名鼎鼎的requests3d基本走势图(专业版) 库文件,发现还可以这样写:

3d基本走势图(专业版)lianggeshilidoushixiezai setup.py wenjianzhong,qishiruguowomenyong requirements.txt wenjian,yekeyianzheizhonggeshixie,ranhouzaiduqujinlai。

zheizhongshenqidexiefashizenmehuishini?

tadeyijushi 2015 nian 11 yuechuangjiande pep-508(yijixiangguandedanyibeichexiaohuojujuelede pep-390、pep-426、pep-459、pep-496),gai pep dezhuyaoyitushizengqiang pip denggongjuchazhaoruanjianbaodenengli。

bijiaozhongyaodebufenjiushigenwomendewentixiangguande,jiduicaozuoxitongzuoqufendebiaoshi,xiangguandeyou:

3d基本走势图(专业版)youlezheiyangdekuozhanzhichi,zaidabaoyilaixiangshi,jiukeyijiejuejianrongxingwentile。

3d基本走势图(专业版)liru colorama ku,ruguowomenzhizai win32 xitongcaixuyaoyilai,neimezaidabaoshijiukeyizhiding:“colorama>=0.3.4 ; sys_platform=='win32' ”;ruguobuxuyaoxianding win32 xitong,ershizai windows huanjingdouanzhuang,neimekeyixiecheng“colorama>=0.3.4 ; platform_system=='windows' ”。

zuizhong,womenjiejuelebenwenkaitoudewenti。zheigewentikenengbijiaoxiaozhong,jiejueqilaiyemeiyoushenmedawenzhangkezuo,suanshiyigexiaoxiaode tips fenxiangjidajiaba。

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