3d基本走势图(专业版)

Serverless爆发,AWS微软卡位,腾讯云阿里云华为云紧跟

技术标签: 云计算

[摘要]Serverless落地应用增多,市场格局初定,云服务商纷纷试水,机会与挑战并存。

3yue10ri,yunyuanshengjijinhuicncffabule2019nianniandudiaochabaogao。41%deshoufangzhebiaoshiyijingzaishiyongwufuwuqiserverlessjisuan,20%deshoufangzhebiaoshijihuazaiweilai12-18geyueyingyongserverlessjisuan。

zhiqiande3yue1ri,shichangyanjiujigouforresterfabudezuixinbaogaorenwei,serverlessjisuandexingqi,rangfaaschengweijiiaas、paas、saaszhihouyizhongxindeyunjisuannenglitigongfangshi。

在Serverless计算最主要的技术方向——函数即服务平台(FaaS)方面,AWS、微软两家企业居于领导者象限,腾讯云、阿里云与谷歌云、Nimbella、IBM、Cloudflare等处于强劲表现者象限,Oracle则处于挑战者象限。

3d基本走势图(专业版)yunjisuanqiyeyijingxiguanle“datouruyoudahuibao”dexingyeguilv。cong2014niankaishi,yunfuwushangbuguanshiaws、weiruan、gugeyun,haishiguoneidealiyun、tengxunyun、huaweiyun、baiduzhinengyundeng,zaiserverlessshangdouyoudabitouru。

2020nian,serverlessfuwushichangjiangyinglaidabaofadejihui。erxianzaiserverlessfuwushichangxinzuocidepaiding,yiweizheyigexinshichangdeshengyankaichangle。

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1、Serverless到了爆发的时候了

3d基本走势图(专业版)14nianqian,dangguge、awstichuyunjisuanhuishixian“nohardware”shi,ibm、hpdengqiyekendinghuiyaranshixiao。

14nianhou,yunjisuanyinglaiguaidian,2019nianquanqiuyunshangdeitjichusheshizhanbishoucichaoguochuantongdeshujuzhongxin,chengweishichangdezhudaozhe。

dagaishiduonianqian,salesforcehanchu“nosoftware”shi,jiaguwenduicichizhiyibi,“liangniyegaobuchuduodadamingtang”。

shinianhou,salesforcechengweiyijiashizhichaoguoshangqianyimeiyuandecrm saasfuwugongsi,jiaguwenyebudebujinsuiqihou,rangruanjianshangyun。

3d基本走势图(专业版)yunjisuanchanyedefazhanlibukaiyingxiao、xiaoshou,danshijishuchuangxinzaiyunjisuanchanyefazhanzhongsuofahuidezuoyongbeiyanzhenglewushuci。

2014nian,awsshouxiantichuserverlessjisuan,tuichulejiangyunjisuananxushiyong、anliangjifeilidujiangdidexinjishu。ruogannianhouzaikan,huibuhuixiangnohardware、nosoftwareyiyanggaibianchanyegejuni?

2020niannianchu,serverlessjisuanjiuzheimejiejinlebaofadeqidian。

3d基本走势图(专业版)kbvyanjiugongsifabudezuixinbaogao《quanqiuserverlessjiagoushichang》xianshi,serverlessjisuanyifazhanchengweibushuyunyingyonghefuwudeyigeguanjianyaosu。quanqiuserverlessjiagoushichangdeguimoyujidao2024nianjiangdadao140yimeiyuan,yuceqineijiangyi23.4%denianfuhezengzhanglvzengzhang。

zaijieshouzhongguoruanjianwangdengmeitijizhecaifangshi,tengxunyunserverlesschanpinfuzongjianzhanghaomingquebiaoshi:“serverlessshichangdabaofadeshihoudaole,2020nianjiangshiserverlessjishudeyuannian,jianghuiyoudaliangdezhuliuyingyong,zhuliuqiyebaokuoyixieshijie500qiangqiyedehexinyingyongjianghuicongyuanlaidezhujijiagouhuozherongqijiagouqianyidaoserverless。”yijingyouyixiehailiangdeyewurutengxunshipindenghailiangfuwuzhengzaiqianyidaoserverlesspingtai。

zaijishucengmian,serverlessjisuanyijingjubeilezhichenghailiangyewudenengli。

3d基本走势图(专业版)tashuo,zai2017、2018nian,henduokaifazhezaiyongserverlessjisuanshijingchanggoubingdeyigewentijiushixingnengcha。yuanyinshiyouyudicenghaishicaiyongtongyongderongqi、xunihuadejishu,zaizhenggediaoyongserverlessdanyuandeshengchanguochengzhongxiaolvbijiaoman,wangwangchufayigeqingqiu,zaidanxingkuosuoshi,huidailaiqianduandaliangdechaoshi。ertengxunyunxianzaibasladegailvtigaodaole5ge9zhishang,bazhenggelengqidongdegailvjiangdizugoudi。

zhanghaojieshaoshuo:“zaiyudaolengqidongdeqingkuangxia,womenhuizai200haomiaoyineifenpeiyixiexindebudian。tongshi,zaixuniwangluodejiasu、zuhugelianquandeshengjidengjishujichulingyu,zuodaozhichenghexindeyingyongqianyidaoserverless。”

3d基本走势图(专业版)elasticzhongguogongsizongjingliwangganggaosuzhongguoruanjianwang,zaishichanghekehurenzhifangmian,qiyectodehexinyaoqiujiushirangchanpingengkuaisudishangxian,rangjishujiagougengkuaisudishiyingshichangdebianhua,tongshijishujiagoushiwending、kekao、kekuozhande。congzheiliangfangmiankan,muqianserverlessjishuwanquanwenhesuqiu,juyoukuozhanyingyongdejihui。

3d基本走势图(专业版)jingdongyunjishuzhuanjiazhangjinzhujieshoucaifangshibiaoshi,congiaasguodudaoweifuwuyijixianzaideserverless,yunjisuanrangyewurenyuanbuyongguoduodanxinjishu,ershizhuanzhuyewu。congruanjianjiagoufazhandejiaodu,dantijiegoufazhandaoweifuwuyijifenbushi,doushijishudiedaidebiranjieguo。

zhiyuserverlessduiyusaasfuwushangdeyingxiang,zhangjinzhubiaoshi,ruguofeideyaotanserverlessduiyusaasfuwudeyingxiang,zhinengshuorangsaasfuwuzhuanzhuyuyewu,keyizidongkuorong。duiyusaaskaifa,zeyidianyingxiangdoumeiyou。

3d基本走势图(专业版)jieshoujizhecaifangdeduogesaasfuwushangzemingquebiaoshi,dicengjishubaokuoserverlessduiyingyongcengjiyewuyingxiangbuda。serverlessduiyusaasfuwukaifayubushujihumeiyouyingxiang。

张浩表示,从底层技术的发展以及客户对Serverless的一个认知,到Serverless价值的落地逐步被大家接受,在2020年,市场将会继续迎来10倍以上甚至20倍、30倍的爆发性的增长。
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2、Serverless是云计算第三代通用计算技术

3d基本走势图(专业版)yunjisuanyoujisuan、cunchu、wangluo、shujuku、aidenggezhongjishu,serverlessshuyujisuandalei,jiushiwufuwuqijishu。

3d基本走势图(专业版)zaiyunyuanshengjisuanjijinhuijichudeserverlessdedingyizhong,youjigehexindian:

shouxian,serverlessjisuanbingbuyiweizhebuzaixuyaoshiyongfuwuqilaiyunxingdaima,daimarengxuyaoyunxingzaifuwuqishang,duiwaitigongfuwu。zhishifuwuqiyuyonghubuzhijiemianduimianle。aws lambdazhileidefuwuhoumianyouyidaduifuwuqi。hexinyaoyishizaiwufuwujisuanshidai,yanfarenyuanwuxuduifuwuqijinxingjiankong、peizhi、gengxin、kuorongdengyunweicaozuo。

3d基本走势图(专业版)qici,kehuzhixuyaojiangdaimashangchuandaoyunchangshangtigongdewufuwuqijisuanpingtaishangjike,yunfuwushanghuibaozhengdaimanengzhengchangyunxing,dangliuliangtuzengshi,zidongduifuwuqijinxingkuorong;liuliangjianshaoshi,duifuwuqijinxingsuorong。

disan,serverlesskeyigenjuyonghuqingqiulaijifei,wanquanzuodaoanliangjifei。serverlessjishukeyirangyunjisuanzuodaoxiangshiyongshuiheyongdianyiyang,anxusuoqu,bingnengzhenzhengzuodaoanliangfufei。

disi,yunweicaozuoduiyanfarenyuanlaishuodoushiheihede,huijiangkaifarenyuancongfansuodeyunweigongzuozhongjiefangchulai。

3d基本走势图(专业版)yigehulianwangyingyongyibanyaojinglisangehuanjie——chanpinsheji、chanpinkaifayijichanpinyunweiyunying。xianzaidaliangdekaifazheheqiyeyijingrenkeleyunjisuandemoshi,wangwangbachanpinyunweihuanjiejiaojiyunfuwushangwancheng。

danshibingbushisuoyoudeyunyingtuanduidouyongyouwanzhengdejishujiagoubumenhezhuanjiatuandui,chanpindewendingxingheyewudewendingxinghuiyudaotiaozhan。serverlessdejiazhijiushirangyonghubasuoyouderenlihejinglijujiaochanpinshejihechanpinkaifa,erbayunweichedijiaojiyunyingshang,jiangdiyonghuchengbenheyunweidenandu。

baiduzhinengyunsongyapenggaosuzhongguoruanjianwang,hedevopsgainiantichangdetongguoyixiliegongjuhezidonghuadejishulaijiangdiyunweidenandu,cujinyanfayunweiyitihuabutong,serverlessgengxiangshiyizhongnoops,jitongguo“buyongzuo”defangshilaijiejue“ruhegenggaoxiaozuo”dewenti。

yibanrenweiserverlessyingyongshiyongdejishubaokuobaasyufaaslianglei。baas(backendas a service,houduanjifuwu),tigongdeshihouduanfuwujizhichi,zhuyaozhenduiyixiefukehuduanyingyong。faas(functionas a service,hanshujifuwu),qizhongdehanshushiyewuluojidaimadezhixingdanyuan,tigongdeshidaimajizhichi。

xuyaozhuyideshi,zheilianggelingyushiyouzhongdiede。muqiandajiaguangfantaolundeserverlesszhuyaojizhongzaifaasfangxiang,yeshiguoneiwaiyunfuwushangzhengqiangdelingyu。

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百度智能云提供的函数计算的基本使用流程

ziliaolaiyuan:baiduzhinengyun

3d基本走势图(专业版)yinci,serverlessyebeichengweihanshujisuan。hanshujisuandejibenshiyongliuchengbaokuochuangjianhanshu、tigongdaima、peizhichufaqi、peizhiyunxinghuanjing、zhixinghanshu、chakanrizhideng。

3d基本走势图(专业版)zhanghaoshuo,tengxunyunbaserverlessjishukanzuoshijixuniji、rongqizhihoudedisandaitongyongjisuanjishu。

3d基本走势图(专业版)neime,serverlessjisuannengjiyonghudailainaxiejiazhini?o’reillyzuijinzhenduiserverlessdeyingyongqingkuangjinxinglediaocha。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)serverless jisuannengjiyonghudailaijiazhi

3d基本走势图(专业版)ziliaolaiyuan:o’reilly

结果表明,用户最看重的三大价值包括:

shouxian,jianshaoyunyingchengbenshidajiacaiyongserverlessdediyidayuanyin,yingyongserverlesszhihou,jiuwuxuweiqianzaideliulianggaofenggoumaidabufenshijianchuyukongxianzhuangtaidefuwuqi。

dier,zidonganxukuozhan。caiyongleserverlesszhihou,keyisuishikuozhandaodangqiandeshiyongliang,xiaochuleyiwaihuozhejijiexingliulianggaofengdekunrao。

disan,buyaoguanzhufuwuqideweihugongzuo。youyuqiyezhongdabufenkaifarenyuandoushiruanjiangongchengshi,bingbushixitongguanliyuan,suoyiduiyuruanjiandexiufu、baohuheguanlibingbushanzhang,ershiyongserverlesszhihou,zheixiegongzuodoukeyijiaojigongyingshang。

3、Serverless服务市场格局初步形成

forresterdebaogaoyijingjichuleserverlessjisuandejidazhenying,yijijidazhenyingzhongbutongqiyedeweizhi。

3d基本走势图(专业版)forresterdebaogaojujiaoyuquanqiulingxianyunchangshang,congkaifatiyan、bianchengmoshi、bianyihuanjingdengshigeweiduzonghekaoliang,quanmianpinggufaasfuwuzongheshili,bangzhuqiyeyonghuzhenxuanshihezishendeserverlessjisuanfuwutigongshang。

diyidazhenyingdangranshigongyouyunshichangdejidajutou,tigongserverlessjisuanfuwu。juyulingdaozhexiangxiandeaws、weiruan,chuyuqiangjingbiaoxianzhexiangxiandezhongguodetengxunyun、aliyun,yijigugeyun。

serverlessdeshichanggejujibenshangshiiaasshichanggejudefuzhi。serverlessjishushouxianyouawstichu,binglvxiantuichuyunfuwu,qitaqiyejibenshangshigensuizhe。weiruan、gugeyundengtigongleserverlessyunfuwu。

zhongguoyunjisuanqiyezaiserverlessfazhanzhongxunsukuaruxianxingzhexinglie。tengxunyunfaasnenglipingjiezaichanpintiyan、anquanxing、zhanlveyuanjingdengfangmiandeyoushituoyingerchu,chengweizhongguojinruquanqiutop3deyunchangshang。

aliyun2018nianzhengshiqidongneibuserverlessziyuandizuodezhunbeigongzuo,2019nianjiyudajianhaodedizuojiansheshangcengqianduankuangjia,dao2019nianshuangshiyi,aliyunyijingzaibufendianshangdaogouyewushangkaishishijianzheitaoxindeyanfamoshi。

3d基本走势图(专业版)lingyizhenyingjiushibaokuojijiangconggongyouyunshichangzhuanrupaasshichangdeibm、oracledengqiye,tigongserverlesschuangjianpingtai、gongju。

xingyezhuanjiarenwei,ibmzai2019nianshougoured hatheoracleyuweiruanjieweihezuohuoban,biaominglezheiliangjiagongsizai2020niandefazhanfangxiang。

ibmheoraclezhengzaijiangzhongdiancongyuntigongshanglingyuzhuanyidaokaifapingtailingyu。ibmheoracleshituzaigonggongyunshichangyijiaogaoxia,danshigenbenmeiyouzugoudezijinyulingwaisijiayunjutouxiangbipin。

ibmhuigaierzhuanzhuyubangzhukehutongguorenhezhuyaodeyungongyingshangshiyongopenshiftkaifapingtai,gengxinhegaizaohexinyewuyingyongruanjian。

3d基本走势图(专业版)ibm bluemixyunduanpingtaituichuopenwhiskfuwu,tongshijiangopenwhiskyikaifangyuanshimamoshishichu,tigongqiyezijianserverlessjiagou。

3d基本走势图(专业版)eroraclejiangzhuanzhuyuqishanzhangdelingyu——ruanjianjifuwu(saas)hezizhushujukuchanpin,yindaokehushiyongazuredeyunkaifafuwu,baokuoai/jiqixuexi、kubernetes/rongqi、wulianwangjiqitaxinxingchuangxinjishu。

3d基本走势图(专业版)oraclefabulefn,fnshiyigexinkaiyuande、yunpingtaiwuguandeserverlesspingtai。tachushiqidongshiyongyouguangfandejavanengliheyigejunitceshikuangjia,danyezhichi“renhebianchengyuyan”。

disanzhenyingjiushichuangxinqiyenimbella、cloudflaredeng,tigongserverlesschuangjiangongju。

shiyongnimbella、cloudflaredengtigongdegongju,keyiqingsonggoujian、guanli、ceshi、jiankongyonghudewufuwuqiyingyongjiagou。

disizhenyingjiushikaiyuanfaaspingtai/kuangjia/gongju。jinguangegeyunchangshangdouzaidalituiguangzijideserverlessfuwu、chanpin,danshikaifazhepubianhaishihuidanxinbeichangshangbangding,yincijubeiyidingguimodezuzhihuijiyukaiyuanfangan,ruknative,dajianzijideserverlesspingtai。eryidanmougekaiyuanfanganchengweizhuliu,yunchangshangjiuhuizhudongqujianrongkaiyuanbiaozhunbingzengdashequtouru。

muqian,serverlesskaiyuanxiangmuhenduo,rumuqiangithubstarshuzuigaodeserverlesskuangjia,yuzhuliuyunchangshangjichengdehenhao。knativeshigooglefabudejiyukubernetesdeserverlesskuangjia。fenbushiwufuwuqipingtaiopenwhiskzuikaishiyouibmheadobequdong,houlaijuanjiapachejijinhui,2019nian7yuejinshengweidingjixiangmudeng。

4、云巨头试水Serverless服务

3d基本走势图(专业版)zuizaotichuserverlessgainiandeshiaws,2014nianniandiamazon lambdayezhengshituichu,cihouquanqiugedayunfuwuchangshangxiangjituichugezideserverlesspingtai。

dianxingrugoogle cloud functions、azure functions、ibm cloud functionsdeng。

国内市场Serverless开始普及在2017年,腾讯无服务器云函数、阿里云函数计算相继推出,华为云、百度智能云也都推出了自己的方案。

3d基本走势图(专业版)awsjiezhulingxianliangniandeyoushi,yijiyingjianchuangxinheruanjianchuangxinzhongtourushushiyimeiyuanertuoyingerchu。awsyongyouzhongleizuifengfudeserverlesshanshu,keyixietongyunxing。

awscaiqudefangfashicujinyonghuxinganqingyuanyilaiyamaxun,jijidandangjichusheshichuangxindezhongren,neiyangqiyenenggouzhuanzhuyuyewuluojidechuangxin。yunyuanshengjisuanjijinhui(cncf)dediaochashujubiaoming,aws lambdazaipengbofazhandeserverlessshichangzhanyou70%defene。

zaiserverlesslingyu,2017nian,tengxunyuntuichuletcf(tencent cloud function),chengweiguoneishoujiatuichuserverlessjishudeyunfuwushang。2018niantuichule“xiaochengxu·yunkaifa”,2019niantichuletengxunserverless2.0zhanlve。sannianlai,tengxunyunserverlessdeyonghuguimoyijiduichanpinxiazai、diaoyongdengcishumeiniandouchengshibeidezengzhang。

3d基本走势图(专业版)3yue6ri,tengxunyunzhengshixiangwaijiezhanshileqizaiserverlesslingyudezuixinjinzhan,baokuolvxianzaiyejietuichu1haomiaojifeimoshi,bingtongguojinyibudatongshangxiashengtailian,goujiansanbushangyundejizhiquanyunduankaifatiyan。

zhanghaojieshao,tengxunyundatongleliangdashengtai,goujiankaiyuanxinbiaozhun。

3d基本走势图(专业版)yigeshizaiweixinshengtaifangmian,tuichu“xiaochengxu·yunkaifa”chanpin,keyidafutishengxiaochengxudekaifaxiaolv。

lingyigeshizaikaiyuanshengtaijianshecengmian,tengxunyuntongguokaiyuanxietongdefangshichixuxiangserverless frameworkshequzuogongxian。

dangqianaliyunshangshixianserverless jishudechanpinyouserverlesyingyongyinqinghehanshujisuanfaas。

3d基本走势图(专业版)serverless yingyongyinqingshimianxiangyingyongdeserverless paaspingtai,taxiangshangchouxiangleyingyongdegainian,zhichispring cloud、dubbo、hsfdengliuxingdekaifakuangjia,bingtongguowarbao、jarbaohejingxiangdengduozhongfangshibushuyingyong。

3d基本走势图(专业版)youqizairongqiyuserverlesszhenghefangmian,aliyunxuanbudanxingrongqishilieci(elastic container instance)zhengshishangyehua。

ecijiangserverlesshecontainerjishujiehe,tigongdeyikuanminjieanquandeserverlessrongqiyunxingfuwu。tongguoecifuwu,yonghuwuxuguanlidicengfuwuqi,zhixuyaotigongdabaohaodedockerjingxiang,jikeyunxingrongqi,bingjinweirongqishijiyunxingxiaohaodeziyuanfufei。

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华为云的靳晓楠向中国软件网介绍,华为云函数工作流Function Graph是一项基于事件驱动的函数托管计算服务。通过函数工作流,只需编写业务函数代码,并设置运行的条件,无需配置和管理服务器等基础设施,函数以弹性、免运维、高可靠的方式运行。

靳晓楠说,华为云的这款产品优势包括无服务器管理、高弹性、高效的开发体验、按需计费等。

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5、服务落地遭遇新挑战

muqianserverlessdeluodiqingkuangruhe?

jinri,o’reillydediaochabiaoming,chaoguo2/3deshoufangzhebiaoshi,qizuzhideserverlessluodidoushichenggongde,serverlessyijingchaoyue“chaoredu”dejieduan,yijingchengweileyizhongshijikexingdejichujiagouxuanze。

3d基本走势图(专业版)benlaiyiweiserverlesszuoweiyixiangbijiaoxindejishu,luodiqingkuangkenengbutaileguan,danyouqudeshi,diaochafaxian,40%deshoufangzhebiaoshiyijingcaiyongleserverless,zheigejieguowanquanchuhuyiliao。

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qiyezuzhicaiyongserverlessjisuandebili

3d基本走势图(专业版)ziliaolaiyuan:o’reilly

现在应用Serverless存在哪些挑战呢?

shouxian,jiaoyuhepeixunxianyouyuangong。youyuserverlesshaishiyigebijiaoxindejishu,hennanzhaodaobiaozhun、zhengshidepeixun,suoyiqiyebixuxingchengtedingdewendangpeixunyuangong,tongshixuyaogenjushijiananlibuduangengxinwendang。

lingwai,youyuserverlesschuyugaosufazhanjieduan,gedagongyingshangyezaibuduantuichuxingongneng,zheiyejiqiyepeixunyuangongzengjialebushaonandu。

3d基本走势图(专业版)dier,gongyingshangsuoding。zheishiyigedajiadouhuidanxindewenti,mougegongyingshangpingtaibianxiededaimashibushinenggouqianyidaoqitapingtai。youyuserverlesshaishiyigexinxingshichang,suoyiguanyugongyingshangzhijiandekeyizhixingwentihaichuyutansuojieduan。

3d基本走势图(专业版)disan,jicheng/ceshikunnan。duiyuserverlessjiagoueryan,ceshishifuzaqielaodongmijixingdegongzuo,xuyaochuligengduodechangjing,tongshiyinweixuyaoyilaihuanjingbutong,jichengyeshiyigexuyaojiejuedewenti。

zhanghaoshuo,xianzaitigongserverlessjishufuwudebutongfuwushangdouyougezidebiaozhun,zaihanshudiaoyong、shijianchufa、hanshudehuangjinbianliangdedingyidengfangmian,douyongyougeziyitaofengbidebiaozhun,quefakaiyuandeguifanhekaiyuandeshengtaizhichi。

tengxunyunjiucongduogefangmiankefuyonghumuqianmianlindezheixietiaozhan。muqian,tengxunyunyeyijingyongyouyixieserverlessyingyongyonghu,ruyingfujiaoyuyijirenrenshipindengzhimingqiye,doutongguoshiyongtengxunyunserverlessshixianlexiaolvhechengbendeyouhuazuhe,jiqiyezaiyewushangzhenzhengdailaigenggaodexiaolv、gengkuaidediedaihegengkuaidishangxian。

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