3d基本走势图(专业版)

敏捷水手——单体法到微服务之旅

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本文要点

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  • 探究持续四年多的渐进式改革是什么样子;\\t
  • 探索为什么在变革软件和组织设计时要遵循康威定律;\\t
  • 看看如何将领导力应用到不同的团队、领域和层级;\\t
  • 举例说明变革管理如何依赖于理念和一贯的长远目标;\\t
  • 了解从职能型团队到跨职能团队的变革需要做多少工作以及能带来多少回报。\
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简介

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3d基本走势图(专业版)guoqujinian,esailors it solutionszaijishuhezuzhicengmianjinxinglezhongdabiange:conggongnengtongcangdaokuazhinengtuandui,congkansizhuangpeixiandegongzuoliudaodongtaixunhuan,congdantipingtaidaoweifuwu,congcengcihuademingling-kongzhidaotuanduiyunzuodelingdaoli。benwenjiangjianyaojieshaotamendebiangezhilv。benwenjiangdainilejiedayuesinianzhiqianwomencongnalikaishi,jinglilenasangezhuyaodebiangejieduancaichengweixianzaizheigeyangzi。duiyumeigejieduan,benwendoujianggaiyaodijieshaoyixiajigefangmiandeneirong:

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  • 我们当时的组织设置;\\t
  • 主要的技术栈;\\t
  • 我们面临的最重要的挑战;\\t
  • 我们希望取得的变革成果以及我们实际取得的成果;\\t
  • 我们的经验教训以及它们如何推动了进一步的改进。\

贯穿本文的一个重要主题是康威的假说“设计系统的组织……其产生的设计和架构等价于组织间的沟通结构。”13d基本走势图(专业版)我们将把这一理论作为一面特殊的镜子,用它来照一照我们自己的历史。将组织设计和软件设计对照有什么意义?我们从对公司沟通模式的探究中学到了什么?为什么康威定律仍然在伤害着我们?

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我们从哪里开始

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3d基本走势图(专业版)yiqian,zaihanbao,duiyuneixiezhiyou75minggongchengshi、quanbuyuangongdayuezhiyou120duorendexiaoxingruanjiangongsieryan,shenghuohenjiandan。mianduizhedayue300wandekehu,womendedianzilaizidangshiren、shichanghuofalvbumen。womendepingtaipingjunyaofuwuyudayue35wanhuoyuekehu,meinian2.5yidingdan。gongzuoliuchengshiyouxiangmujinglizuzhide。zhishibeizhinengtongcangwanquangeli:ruanjianbumenfuzebianxietexing,zhiliangbaozhengbumenfuzebaozhengzhiliang,yunweibumenfuzequebaoruanjiandewendingyunxing。ruguowomenxuyaoxiugairenhejichusheshizujian(ruzengjiaxinfuwuqi、butongdecaozuoxitongchengxubao),yigelishuyuqitabumen(jiguojia)detuanduijiuxuyaojinxingbiyaodeanzhuangzhunbei。youyugezhonggeyangdeyusuan、hezuohe/huogoutongwenti,zheizhongfangfajingchangdaozhiyanzhongdeyanqi。

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tu1:esailorsdezhuangpeixian

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我们那时的组织设置是什么样子?

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3d基本走势图(专业版)womenneishidezuzhishezhishishenmeyangzi?rutu1suoshi,womendegongzuoliuzuzhifeichangxianglaoshigongchanglideyitiaozhuangpeixian。daduoshuyuangongdoushizaineiwugebumen(xiangmuguanli/shichangyingxiao、sheji、kaifa、qa、yunwei)deqizhongyigebumenligongzuo。meigebumendouyouzijideguanlijiegou,douyoutuanduifuzerenhebumenzhuguan。zunxunzhetedingdechongcizhouqihebuzhou,ruanjiangongjiancongyigebumenchuandidaoxiayigebumen:

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  • 步骤1:市场营销部门、法律要求或项目经理界定特性,但不进行有效的预验证或评估;\\t
  • 步骤2:设计部门根据经验进行设计;\\t
  • 步骤3:开发部门在一个软件工件中实现功能,团队使用Scrum,但对于UI变更,会咨询一个专门的前端团队(3周);\\t
  • 步骤4:QA部门测试(2周);\\t
  • 步骤5:为了防止基础设施方面的更改,基础设施团队会准备系统;\\t
  • 步骤6:Ops团队将软件工件部署到生产环境,并对其进行维护;\\t
  • 步骤7:一个专门的团队进行Bug修复。\

简而言之,我们的价值流是瀑布式Scrum23d基本走势图(专业版)。就是说,我们在传统结构下实现了Scrum,我们的敏捷理念所关注的是局部,而不是整个系统。此外,我们在很大程度上还是筒仓形式的组织,采用传统方式进行管理,以决策制定为中心,沟通通常是单向的,由自上而下的策略和自下而上的报告所主导。我们的组织设置如图2所示:

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tu2:esailorszuichudezuzhishezhi

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3d基本走势图(专业版)weilebiandegengjiaminjie,meigechanpinkaifatuanduidoujiejinquanli。tu3zhanshilewomendetuanduishezhi。zaibentujihouxuchuxiandetupianzhong,devbiaoshikaifarenyuan,qabiaoshizhiliangbaozheng,pmbiaoshixiangmujingli。jishimeigetuanduidouyouyimingzhilianggongchengshi,zuizhongdezhiliangjianchaheruanjianshenpiyehaishiyouyigezhuanmendezhiliangbumensuowancheng。tuanduidezhilianggongchengshibixuyiyizhongzhiliangbumenshenpishinenggouzhixingdefangshizhunbeiceshi。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)tu3:esailorszuichudekaifatuanduishezhi

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我们的技术呢?

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womenyidianyebugandaoqiguai,zheizhongmoshifanyingzailewomenderuanjianjiagouzhong。jishubeishejichengyigedantipingtai,jiyuyigejinouhededaimakugoujian,zongshizuoweidangeruanjianjinxingbushu。womendedaimadayueyou80%doudabaozaiyigegongjianzhong。esailorsdegongchengshixiguanjiangzheigepingtaichengwei“danituan”,yinweitameiyouyigekelijiedejiagou,erqiehennankuozhanheweihu。bushushitongguoyigefuzadegongjuwanchengde,erqiehaishouxianyubanbenkongzhixitongdeluoji。youshihou,tijiaojigexiaoshihoucaikandaodanyuanceshishibai。youyugoujianhebushuguochengdefuzaxing,zheigejishuzhanrangbiangengbiandexiangdangkunnan。

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我们如何设法变革我们的流程?

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3d基本走势图(专业版)kangweidinglvzhichu,“shejixitong(guangyieryan)dezuzhiqichanshengdeshejihejiagoudengjiayuzuzhijiandegoutongjiegou”。womenneishicongduixianzhuangdeshenchazhonglejiedaoleshenme?womenruhexingdongqilaishezhizheiliangzhongjiegou?womendejihuashishenme,erwomenshijishangqudeleshenmeyangdechengguo?

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womencongkangweidinglvzhongjiqudeqizhongyigezuizhongyaodejiaoxunshi:zhuanhuachengchuangxinxingchanpinyijisuoduanshangshishijianbunengzhiyilaiyujishubiange。xiangfan,zuzhibiangehejishuxixixiangguan,xuyaoduizheilianggeweidudoujinxingjianchahexiangyingdediaozheng。suiranzheizaigainianshangtingqilaihenjiandan,dangaibianwomendezuzhishezhihesiweihuafeilewomenhenzhangshijian,erqiexianzairengranshiwomenxuyaoshouxianchulidewenti。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)tu4:diyibu:xindetuanduishezhi

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jiantaowomendezhuangpeixianwenti,womenjuedingchuangjiankuazhinengtuandui,youtamenduizhenggexitongkaifadeshengmingzhouqifuquanze。weiledadaozheigemubiao,womencongzuzhishezhirushou。womenjiesanlebugxiufutuandui,rangtexingtuanduiweizijidecuowufuze。zheiyekeyibangzhutamengenghaodilijiecaozuoshangdexuqiu。womenrenwei,kuazhinengtuanduiyinggaibaohanquanzhanzhize,suoyiwomenjiangyuanxiangongxiangdeqianduantuanduidechengyuanfenpeidaotexingtuandui。tongshi,womenjiangchongcizhouqigaiweiliangzhou,yizhouyonglaikaifa,yizhouyonglaiceshi。

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womenxiwangcongzheixiezuzhibiangezhongdedaoshenmeni?conggenbenshangshuo,womenxiwangtigaoruanjianzhiliang,suoduanjiaofushijian。womenshijishangdedaoleshenmeni?haole,womendejieguorangrenjuedeyoudianmaodun。yifangmian,jiadatuanduidezizhuquanhezerenganrangrenmengengqingchuwentisuozai。danshi,suoyoutuanduidoukaishixunzhaokechixudejiejuefangan,erbushixiufuwenti。zheizhongqingkuangjiushiyoutu4suoshidexindezuzhishezhisuodaozhide。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)rangkaifatuanduifuzebugcongxuduofangmiangaishanleyunweihekaifabumenzhijiandegoutong。devopsjiaoliuxiangmuqidong(kaifarenyuanzaiyigechongciqijiandaizaiopsbumen,fanzhiyiran)。kaifarenyuanzhudongqingqiucanyuhujiaozhongxindegongzuojishiyongjiankonggongju。zuzhiwenhuariyiquxiangyuduandaoduanzhize,zheizhongbianhuayuelaiyuemingxian。kaifarenyuan、yunweirenyuanhejichusheshirenyuankaishidingqitaolunxitongheguanliwenti。zheishijinyibugaijindeguanjian。jianhuahoudezhuangpeixianrutu5suoshi。

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tu5:diyibu:guandao

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buchusuoliao,lingdaolizaixuduocengmiandedaolezengqiang。guoqu,zuoweigongnengzhuanjia,gongchengshimenxiguanyugoujianzijideixingjinengji。xianzai,tamenkaishirangzijixiangzhekuazhinengtuanduidetxinglingdaozhefazhan。tuanduizijichengdanlejishujuecedezhize,erbushizhuanzhuyuyizhonghexindejiagou。

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lingyifangmian,womendegongxiangdaimakuhaishibaochibubian,haishihuidaozhixiaodegaijinkaifachengbenhengao。

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erqie,womenkaishirenshidao,womendescrumfangfazaixuduofangmiandoushishibaide。tameiyouweiwomentigongzhengquedezhidao,queshouxianzengjialewomendefudan。womenjingchangyinweixuyaoxiufujijiangchuxiandebugerwanquanhushilewomendechongcichengnuo。jiangdadetexingfengechengjiaoxiaodegushiranhoupaidingtamendeyouxianji,zheixianggongzuofeishifeili。yexu,zuidadezuaishizuoweiwomenzhuyaokehudexiangmuguanliheshichangyingxiaobumendewufahandongdepubushisiwei。womenshiyongscrumkuangjia,danshizaishixianguochengzhongmeiyoucaiyongtexingfanwei。tuanduidechanpinjinglichongdangleguanlizhe,jiangpubuxiangmujihuafengechengjiaoxiaodebukebianbufen,erbushijianshaoqianqiwendangyijijianchahediaozhengmeiyigexiaodekaifabuzhou。erqie,womendeqianduankaifarenyuandegongzuoliuchenghennanguanli。youxuduoci,tuanduideqitarenyuandoutingxialai,dengdaiuixiugaiwancheng。zaiqitachongcizhong,tamenyouwushikezuo,zheizhongrangrenjusangdejingkuangdaozhibufenqianduankaifarenyuanlizhi。

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我们如何改变了航向?

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3d基本走势图(专业版)womencongzijidebiangezhongxuedaoleshenme?womennaliweibeilekangweidinglvdeguandian?zheiruhecujinlejinyibudetisheng?xiamianshiwomenzhaodaodebufendaan:

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  • Scrum并不适合所有的团队、所有的情况。那就是为什么我们必须要求人们检查和调整自己的工作流程以满足需要,并鼓励他们了解业务的全局。\\t
  • 所以,我们需要敏捷团队关注端到端的价值流程,而不是仍然面向筒仓的Scrum。而且,我们需要敏捷教练有企业家的跨部门的视野,而不是像Scrum主管那样只专注于一个团队。\\t
  • 我们还认识到,不只是领导者需要一个更趋向于T型的技能集,所有的工程师都需要。在特定领域拥有知识深厚的I型专家挺好,只要他们能够并且愿意涉及其相应技术之外的主题。在理想情况下,将来我们的工程师既对跨部门协作持开放态度,又乐于改进软件质量,而不会等到有了明确的业务需求才那么做。\\t
  • 承担起Bug修复的职责增进了我们对系统性问题的了解。另一方面,在使用一个大型共享数据库的情况下,全心全意地投入到业务领域及相关软件仍然相当困难。为了提升我们的速度和敏捷性,我们越来越迫切地感觉到要减少对业务端和技术端的依赖。\\t
  • 如果不给团队的产品经理充分授权,让他们可以推动产品愿景的实现,那么他们就无法增加价值。我们只有对每个团队充分授权,让他们在整个开发过程中自主地创建、检查及调整他们的特性,而不只是执行来自外部的需求,我们才可以有所作为。\\t
  • 自上而下推动的决策过程无法达到预期的结果。为了鼓励更多的创新,我们也必须支持自下而上的过程。\\t
  • 虽然团队授权是该做的事情,但跨不同团队和部门的沟通以及协作仍然是一个大问题。\\t
  • 只是改革我们的组织设置及创建新的角色是不够的。作为一项分层桥接的跨职能的团队活动,为了建立领导力,我们还必须解决所有管理角色之间的冲突。\

jianeryanzhi,womenrenshidao,womenbixutourugengduodejingli,yibianshiyongzhengquedefangfagoujianzhengquededongxi,erbushimanggebuting。erqie,womenbixujiakuaiwomendezhengtiliucheng,bingweicidingyiqingxidezhize。weici,womenshedinglexindegaijinzhibiao。

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shouxian,womentishengleuxhechanpinguanlidezhongyaoxing。zaizuigaoguanlicengdetuidonghewaibupeixunshidezhichixia,womenshixianleyigebaokuoyonghuceshi、yonghushiyanshihetuanduiuxgongchengshizaineideuxliucheng。tongshi,chanpinjinglichengdanweiwomendekehukaifayoujiazhideruanjiandequanbuzhize。weilejianshaozhongsuozhouzhidegoutongzhangai,ceshibumenchenglegongchengbumendeyibufen。rutu6suoshi,zheixingchengleyigexindezuzhishezhihegongzuoliucheng。tu7zhanshilexindetuanduishezhi。

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tu6:xindezuzhishezhihegongzuoliucheng

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tu7:dierbu:xindetuanduishezhi

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buzaijianchi“chuncuide”scrum,tuanduikaishixunzhaoxindeminjiefangfa。tuanduigaibianlezijidezuzhifangshi。zheishiyiyixiliedetuanduijianshezhuantitaolunhuiweizhichengde。womentongguozheixieyantaohuipingguxianzhuang,dingyikeyizuoweigoujianjichudejibenyoushi,shangdingxindeguizehejiazhiguan。tongshi,tongguoyunyonggezhongbutongdetongbanfankuifangfa,womenpeiyanglekaifanggoutonghexianghubangzhudewenhua。

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guanlituanduiyeguanzhutuanduijianshe。tamenzaizhenggeyewubumenneijinxingyuanhuigu,dingyikeyizuoweigoujianjichudeyoushi,shenruwentihejiejuefangan。yixiangzhongyaodegaijinshi,womenkaishigongtonghezuo,chuangzaoxingdipingguxianghumaodundejiaose,tiquchulejingyilingdaolidediyigegainian。renwuzhongdie,jiexianmohu,juececelverangrenkunhuo,duiyuzheizhongyouxiehunluandejumian,womenruheyouxiaodijinxingjianhua?shijishangxuyaoshenmeyangdezhidao?meiyizhonglingdaojiaosedouzengjialeshenmejiazhi?xuyaoduoshaojiaose?neixiejiaosezhijiandezhizeruhehuafen?

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weilepeiyanggengduozixiaershangdeliucheng,womenhaixiugailewomenyonglaiguanlibiangengfangandefangfa。zuoweiqizhongdeyibufen,womenkaishizaineixiefanganzhongbaohangengduodegongnengzhuanjia。womenxinzenglesuoweidebiangengtuandui,erbuzhishizhixingyougaojiguanlirenyuandingyidecelve。gaituanduidechengyuanlaizineixieshoubiangengyingxiangzuidadetuandui,tamenbeifuyulezizhuquan,keyizaiyigeqingxidejiexianneiyanjiubingshixianzijidejiejuefangan。zheiyuqitazengqiangsuoyouquandecelveshiyizhide,birugezhongshequshijian、youguansongchishijianhuolianheheikemalasongdemingquexieyi。

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womenzhuyaoguanzhudeshitishengrenmentichugengduosiluhejiejuefangandeneizaidongji,erbushishitutongguozhurujinqian、jiangjindengzheixieyougaojiguanlirenyuandingyidewaibudonglilaijilirenmen。weilexiaochuzheizhongwaibudongli,qizhongyixianggaigeshijiangxinjindeyixiedongtaibufenyidaolegudingbufen。youyuqizhongdebufenzhibiaobuzaiyoushangcengguanlirenyuandingyi,suoyituanduizijishezhizijidezhibiao。

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tongshi,womenjixujiangwomenderuanjianchaifenchengweifuwu。zaizixunlewaiburuanjianjiagoushizhihou,womenweileshixianneigemubiaokaiqileyixiangzhongdadezhonggoujihua。tongguozheixiangjihua,womenxiwangkeyihuodewanzhengdekuazhinengtuandui,tongguodulibushusuoduanshangshishijian。womenxiwangchuangjianduitedinglingyudejishuheyewuquanquanfuzedetuandui。

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zaijianlilezhonggoutuanduibingtiqulediyigeweifuwuhou,xiangmuzhongzhile。gaojiguanlirenyuandezhengticanyuduhaishitaidi,erqiezuoweiyigezhengtijinxingzhonggoutaidataimaoxian。youyuzhonggoujihuatingzhile,suoyizhouqishijianrengranhenzhang,chuangxinchengweiyiwaierbushiguanli。womendejishuzhaiwurengzaizengjia。zheifanyingchu,womendezuzhijiegourengranfangaigaijin。womenbadaliangdeshijianlangfeizailequanxiantaolunshang,erbushitishengruanjianzhilianghuozheshixianxindejishu。weileyouxiaodishixianweifuwu,womenxuyaojichanpintuanduigengdadezizhuquan,rangtamenxuanzezijidegongju,bingquanquanfuzebaokuobushuzaineidezhenggeruanjianshengmingzhouqi。jishizaishangshudaguimodezhonggoujihuazhongzhiyihou,gongchengshimenhaishishenxin,jianggongxiangdeyiliudaimakuqianyidaogengxiaodefuwubukebimian。xianzai,womendexinzuofashi,zhiyaoyouxinxuqiutianjiadaoxiangyingdedaimaquyujiushanchujiuyoudeyewuluojibufen。

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zuoweigaijingongzuodeyibufen,tuanduigaibianleweihuneibubushuheceshikuangjiadexiguanzuofa。tamentingxialaikaifazijidejiejuefangan,zhiliyubaochixianyougongjudewendingxing。womenyizhitongyishiyongyizhongxindecelve,rangwomenkeyishiyongkaiyuandebushuheceshigongjubushumeiyigexindefuwu,erbushishiyongjiuyoudeneibugongju。zheiyang,chanpintuanduibianderiyiqiangda,duiyouxiaodigaijindongxiyuelaiyueyouxinxin,tamenkaishituidongchuangxin。

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发现新大陆

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suoyouzheixiezhibiaobawomendaidaolenali?shenmeyouleshijidetisheng,shenmebaochibubian,ershenmebiandegengzao?yixiashiduiwomen2015nianji2016nianqian2gejiduyizhimangyukaizhandegongzuodezongjie。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)zaijishufangmian,womenjixuxiangzhedulideweifuwufazhan。tongshi,womengaishanlejichusheshibumenhegongchengbumenzhijiandehezuo。jichusheshibumenderenyuankaishixianggongchengshimendeshijixuqiukanqi,erbushihuoduohuoshaodidulichuangjianheweihutamenzijidefuwu,hushileyilai。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)zhujiandi,bufenchanpintuanduichengdanqileweixinfuwuchuangjiansuoxujichusheshiyijiyunweixinfuwudezhize。yinci,tuanduixianzaikeyicongcaozuoxitongcengmiankaishijiaruzijidejishu。zheishizhubujianlidevopswenhuadeqizhongyigexianjuetiaojian。

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womenhaishixianlegongchenggongjudexiandaihua。gongchengshixianzaikeyiziyouxuanzezijidegongzuozhanhuozhebijibendiannao,erbushiyigezhongyangxuniji。yifangmian,tamenyougengdadeziyoulaichuangjianzijidehuanjinghegongju,lingyifangmian,tamenbixuzengqiangzijidezhurenwengyishi。ciwai,womenshiyonggithubkaipilexinderuanjiankaifalujing。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)zaizuzhishezhifangmian,womenjixuxiangzhejingyilingdaolifazhan。rutu8suoshi,womenshanchulescrummasterdejiaose。duiyuzheigejiaose,womenrenweiqizuoweiminjiecuihuajidegongnengyijingwancheng,tuanduiyijingzugouchengshu,keyishixianzizuzhi。womenyijujianlileyigejingyi-minjiejiaolian(lac)chi,keyitigongzhichituanduijiguanlizhedexintujing。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)tu8:xianzaidekaifatuanduishezhi

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womenhaijiadalidu,shizhongyaodexinxijinkenengditouming。keshihuaguanlixitongdewentibiandeyujiazhongyao。chanpinjingliyinrulesuoweide“qiang”laizhanshiyouguandangqianyewuxuanxianghejijiangdaolaidebiangengdexinxi。tu9zhanshileshezaibangongshizhongyangkaifangkongjianlidezheikuaibanzidezuixinbanben。tongguozheizhongfangshi,womenzengjialeyewuliuchengdetoumingdu,congtongguopingguhexuanzechuangjianyewuxuanxiang,daokaifa、yanzhenghewancheng——zheikuaikanbanzengqianglerenmendeqiuzhiyu,cujinlegoutongjiaoliu。

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tu9:“qiang”

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tanjitoumingdu,zhenggegongsidoukaishimeigejiduhuimian,fenxiangtuanduizaizuijinyigejiduliwanchengdegongzuoyijitamenxiwangzaixiayigejidulidadaoshenmemubiao。yixinfangfaweijichu,womenhaigoujianlegengweitoumingdebiangengfangan。biangengtuanduideshishifanganhuitonggefangmiandeliyiganxirenjinxinggongkaitaolun,liru,shiyongyugangtaolunfadexingshi。zheizhongfangfagengrongyirangneixieshouyingxiangderencanyujinlai,lejiegongzuojinzhan,cujinzongtitouru。zheihaiyouzhuyuzhijiechuandibiangengdeneirongheyuanyin,rangrenmenduibiangengdeshixianfangfayouyigetongyiderenshi。biangengdenenglianglaiziyumianduimiandejiaoliuhexieshangyizhidexingdong,erbushiguanfanggonggao、zhengshideqidonghuiyihuozhezhuanjiadezongtiguihua。

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womentigongleyixiliedelingdaolipeixun,liru,guanyuruhelingdaoyigerenyuanlaizigegelingyudezizuzhituandui。diyici,laizibutonglingyudelingdaozhe,ruchanpinjingli、tuanduifuzeren、dongshihehr,douzhiliyujiuweilairuheguanligongsidachenggongshi。weileyouxiaodizhichizizuzhi,xuyaoshenme?jiunengliheshijianlaishuo,zheiyiweizheshenme?gongtongtantaojingyiheminjielingdaolideyuanze,tamenhaizengjinlebicizhijiandelejie,zengjialexinrenhexianghulijie。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)suoyouzheixiefanganbangwomenjianshaoletongcangluoji,peiyanglezhuanzhuyuzhenggejiazhiliudekuatuanduixiezuo。yucitongshi,zhenggegongchengbumenhaixingchengleyizhongshihoufansihehuigudexinwenhua。shijiwentihezhongdashiyixianzaidoushizhijiegoutong,erbushibeihouzhizeheyilun。buguanshizaixitongcengmian,haishizaigerencengmian,tigonghejieshouchengshidefankuidoushifeichangyoujiazhide。

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我们现在的状况

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suoyouzheixiebiangeduiwomendeyewuyoushenmeyingxiang?womendebiangezhilvduiwomenxianrujindeziwozuzhifangshiyoushenmeyiyi?zaiciduizhaokangweidinglv,tu10he11zhanshilewomenxianzaidezuzhijiegou。

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tu10:2016nianesailorsdezuzhifangshi

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tu11:2016nianesailorsdezuzhijiegou

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zaibaituolezhuangpeixianliuchenghou,xianzai,kuazhinengchanpintuanduichengweiwomenguanzhudejiaodian。tamenshiwomenbaochigaoxiao、zuochusuoyouzhongyaojueceyijituidongrenhebiyaobiangedeyinqing。chanpintuanduidezhongdiangongzuobuzaishigenjutedingdeguifankaifaruanjianchanpin,ranhoujiaofujihuoduohuoshaobuliantongdebumen,xiangfan,tamenjikeyijuedingshixianshenme,youkeyijuedingruheshixian。qitabumentigongzhichifuwu,birushuju、jichusheshihuozhezixun。meigetuanduidoukeyidulidibushuhejiankongtamenderuanjian。buguo,tamentongchanghuiheliliyongyunweibumentigongdegongju。leisidi,tuanduikeyizijizuoxieyonghuyanjiu,danhuiyouyigeyonghushiyanshiweitamentigongzhichi。

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tu12shuominglexianrujindechanpintuanduiruhehangailezhenggekaifazhouqi。gaixunhuanshiyushibiekehuxuqiuhetongdian。jiyuzaizheigefaxianjieduanlejiedaodeneirong,womenkeyifaxianshangji,bingshiyongyigetedingdehuabuduitamenjinxingpinggu。jiexialaishishejiyuanxingyijiyonghuceshi,congzhongwomenkeyilejiedaoshixianzhengquedegongnengsuoxuyaodeyiqiexinxi。jingguoyidingshuliangdexunhuanhou,zheixiegongnengjiubuhuifabudaoshengchanhuanjinglile,ranhouwomenhuijinxingjiankong,bingtongguoa/bceshijinxingweidiao。

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tu12:esailorsdekaifazhouqi

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3d基本走势图(专业版)womendejishuyefashenglejidadebianhua。congyuanxianyigehenxiaodejishujihezhanzhudaodiweide“daniqiu”,womenshefajianshaolehouzhe,bingzengjialeqianzhededuoyangxing。womenbuzaishenmexitongdoujinshiyongyizhongshujukujiejuefangan(oracle),ershizaishengchanhuanjingzhongshiyongduozhongbutongdeshujuku(oracle、mongo、redis、elasticsearch、cassandra)。womenbuzaijinjinguanzhuyimenbianchengyuyan(java),womenxianzaishiyongbutongdeyuyan(java、scala、go、swift)。haiyouqitaxindegongjuheku,liru,docker、ansible、vagrant、angularjs、consulhuoopenstack。meigetuanduidouyoutedingdegongnenglingyu。tamenxianzaiyouquanzijixuanzezuishihetuanduixuqiudejishuzhan,weitamendetexinggoujianjieouhedeweifuwu。tongguoxuanzeqiadangdegongju,erbushishixianmouxianggongxiangjishudebiantongfangan,jiangxintexingjiaofudaoshengchanhuanjingbiandeyuelaiyuekuaiyuelaiyuejiandan。zheishikenengde,yinweituanduidegongchengshixianzaikeyizhuanzhuyuzijidebufen,bingduizijisuokaifadefuwudequanshengmingzhouqifuze。ruguobushiduijishuzhanquanquanfuze,ruguoxuyaoxiangqitabumenjinxingchedidijiaojie,neimezheizhongjishudeyigouxingshibukenengde。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)womenhaimeiyouwanchengwomendeweifuwujiagou,danshiwomenshiyongweifuwushixianlesuoyoudetexing。womenhaizaijixuzhubudigaijinwomendejiagou。fabuxinfuwudetiqianqiyeyoulexianzhudegaishan。xianzai,xinfuwujifenzhongneijiukeyigoujian、biaoji、ceshihebushudaoshengchanhuanjing。youshihou,conggousidaowanquanshixianzhixuyaoyitian,erbushijizhou。

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suiranwomenqudelexuduochengguo,danshiwomenrengranmianlinzhejudadetiaozhan。yifangmianshijishutiaozhan,biruwomendejiagoudefuzaxing、womenjiexialaideweifuwulvchenghuozhebaozhengsheshisuishikeyongdekunnan。tongshi,womenmianlinzhezuzhiheyewushangdetiaozhan。zaitongxiangshizhongruyidejingyiminjieqiyededaolushang,womenhaimianlinzheyixiangtiaozhan,jiushituanduimeiyouzhenzhengdedeshizeren。jishiyigechanpintuanduichenggongdishiqijiazhiliudesuoyouganxirendoucanyujinlai,qigongzuodezhengtichengbenhehuibaoduizheixierenlaishuoyeshibutoumingde。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)wanbeideqiyechanpinguanlizhizeshidangqiankunraowomendeyigewenti。chanpinjingliguanzhushouyi(shouru、zhuceliang……),erchengbenbenshen(renyuanbianzhi、gongzi、yingjian、waibufuwu、peixun……)shigongchengchengbenzhongxindeyibufen。neibujichusheshidechengbenhuozhechanpindeyingxiaochengbengenbenmeiyoutixiandaochanpintuanduishang。

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3d基本走势图(专业版)weilezhuizongxingdongdechengbenheshouyi,womenzaishujujikpikeshihuafangmianqudelehendadejinbu。danshi,yinweiwufajiangshixianchengben、jichusheshidechengbenhegongzuoyingshedaozheileixingdongshang,suoyitongchanghennanpingjiayixiangshixianshifouzengjialerenhejiazhi。

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跨团队交流和整个系统的公共视图是困扰我们的另一个问题。现在,我们还不是很清楚应该如何改进我们的端到端工作流。目前,我们即将研究如何使用我们的“墙”(见图9)作为一种方法来更好地管理我们的价值流——即所谓的看板“飞行高度(flight level)”34。通过扩大业务视角,我们可以从一步一步的价值创造流程中获得新的视角……而且,为了统一监控和积极控制整个公司里正在发生的事情,我们考虑将所有领域的代表都包含进来。我们坚信,这可以提升我们的能力,让我们可以更好地区分选项,改善提前期,通过较小的努力提供更大的价值。

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参考资料

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  1. How Do Committees Invent?” Melvin E. Conway\\t
  2. 分析师瞭望:Water-Scrum-fall是敏捷的现状”Dave West\\t
  3. 领导自组织团队” Siegfried Kaltenecker(免费下载)\\t
  4. 看板的飞行高度” Klaus Leopold\

关于作者

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c53d33cb15efacf369beb9945c079e87.pngMichael Gruczelesailors移动App团队的团队负责人。在实际的工作中,他像仆人一样工作,但有时候又是一名具有破坏性的领导者。他曾经做过咨询顾问,为德语版的Java Magazin和jaxenter写过一些技术文章。感兴趣的读者可以通过linkedin、twitter(@mgruc)联系他,或者通过他的github个人资料了解他。

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f46e7b3757aada9ab1bc1d76cc1c65c2.jpgSigi Kaltenecker是Loop Consultancy的联合常务董事,专注于精益和敏捷变革。他已参与了多家国际性公司的改革,包括Alcatel、bwin.party、eSailors、Kaba、ImmoScout24、Magna、RWE、Swiss Federal Railways或Thales Group。Sigi是《领导自组织团队》《看板改革领导力:创建持续改进文化》(Wiley 2015))的作者,并在“Peer Feedback Loops”上发表了一系列的文章。感兴趣的读者可以通过电子邮件([email protected])联系他。

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03830b2e4bdcbdce7c4be42102fa329f.jpgHans Gruber是eSailors汉堡公司的工程负责人和董事总经理。他有很强的工程背景,在类似Tele2和bwin.party这样的国际性企业里逐步建立起自己的专长。他致力于通过采用精益和敏捷实践来改善团队,因为他坚信,技术和产品团队可以做到精益求精,并借此提供卓越的客户价值。感兴趣的读者可以通过linkedin联系他。

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查看英文原文:Agile Sailors - A Journey from a Monolithic Approach to Microservices

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